Hermann Ernst Friese
(Germano Enesto Friese)
Hermann Friese and his son Germano Junior
Hermann Ernst Friese (Germano Ernesto Friese) was born in Dresden, Saxony, 1874, son of Julius and Maria Friese. He married in 1900 in Itajai, with Paulina Müller, daughter of Wilhelm Müller and Caroline Lange.
Once arrived in Itajai, he worked for several years as a carpenter, in partnership with some local builders. Also for some time, he held various repair engines. Thus was gradually getting together, a good amount of money. He was also part of the group of founders of Schützenverein Itajahy (shooters club) in 1895. Was champion shooting tournaments in some of the tournaments held in the following years.
Germano was built and owner, enter into the 1900 and 1910, a rice mill in the city, buying the product of the farmers of the valley and benefiting rice on their device, and then sent to Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro markets. At that time, his wife, Pauline, also owned shares of Itajai River Company, which owns the vapors "Progress" and "Blumenau", which used to transport people and cargo between the port of Blumenau and Itajai.
But the main activity to Germano was the creation of new machinery used mainly for the processing and treatment of products from agriculture. That's how he built his rice mill. During the national exhibition in 1907, that occurred in Itajai, the local step of this event. He and Ernest Schneider took part, each with its own product. Germano, as well as the very of Itajai city, the time was prosperous.
The construction of Valley railroad, German engineers took to Itajai, and increased the supply of jobs. Other commercial activities supplying product to the works taking place there, also commonly had great boost. Large local merchants promoted the import of nonexistent items in the area and send the port to the center of the country and also abroad, woods of excellent quality as well as various furniture produced by local carpenters, sugar, butter, rum, rice and others. The great economic times was observed worldwide, also in Brazil and Itajai, increased local population indicated the growth of various activities related to trade and industry. Some events showed the intense local economic activity: In 1910, electric lighting was inaugurated in the city, which was dealer Max Puetter, although the owner of the company was Felix Busso Asseburg. In 1913, was founded the Itajaí Paper Mill Co., the largest industry of the time, and the following are its founding shareholders: Fides Deeke, Bruno Hering, Hermann Hering, Herman Stoltz & Co., Max Hering, Gotlieb Reif, Carl Rischbieter Jose Deeke, Curt Hering, Hermann Müller and Paul Hering.
Precisely during this period that preceded the outbreak of the First World War, he had followed travel to Germany in order to patent one of his new inventions, a machine that made the mince leaf teas and other herbs. After he fulfilled the purpose of the trip, he was prevented from leaving the country, because he was reservist artillery corps of Saxony, a unit of the Imperial German Army. Against all his principles because he was a person of humanitarian, was forced to incorporate the troops, and after the conflict began, participated as a gunner(artilley) in the battles of the Western Front in France.
During the war, Hermann was incorporated as a sergeant of artillery, into 53r Royal Saxon reserve field artillery regiment (Königlich Sächsisches Reserve-
After the war, Germano could only return to Brazil after 1920. During his absence, his business collapsed, and also due to the persecution of the Germans and their descendants, stimulated by the Brazilian government, which implemented laws authorizing the expropriation of property belonging to subjects the German Empire, Mrs. Paulina Friese was instructed to sell, as soon as possible, the rice mill and others properties. She also lost all value for money invested in shares of fluvial company. He could never regain their previous financial status. He even tried, unsuccessfully, to establish new industrial activity in Itajai, soon after his return. Followed a few years later to Rio de Janeiro, where he worked until retirement period, just before the Second World War. Paulina Friese died in 1935 while he was still working out of Itajaí. With the loss of his wife, he decided to return home. He also lived for a long time, knowing all the grandchildren, having the time of his death in 1974, age 99 years.
Hermann Ernst Friese and Pauline Müller
Hermann Friese and Paulina Müller
They had the following children, all born in Itajaí:
Standig: Meta Friese. Seated, from left to right:Carolina Müller (Wilhelm Müller´s widow), Paulina Müller Friese. Children: Amaury and Vera (1932).