Itajaí is a Brazilian city, located on the coast of the State of Santa Catarina, in the southern region. The city was founded on June 15, 1860, but the colonization of Itajaí started in 1658, when the first white men to reach the land of the Itajai-
In the early nineteenth century, small farmers and fishermen coming from others areas, as Paranagua, Sao Francisco do Sul, Itapocorói, Porto Belo and Desterro (Now, Florianópolis City) lived there. On February 5, 1820, Antonio Menezes de Vasconcellos Drumond received orders from the Minister of King João VI de Portugal -
Around 1823 it became a prominent region for Portuguese settlers and, On August 12, 1833, Itajai was elevated to parish, and in 1835, was created the first public school. In the year 1859, the parish was elevated to the status of Village. The following year, on June 15, it is elevated to a municipality, if dismembering of Porto Belo.
The first immigrants of German origin who arrived in Itajai, they were all coming from the first German colony of Santa Catarina, "São Pedro of Alcantara", near to Desterro (Florianópolis). Among them were the brothers Jacob and Peter Müller, this last, the father of the Brazilian Minister of Foreign Affairs, in the first Republic, General Lauro Severiano Müller. Besides these immigrants still came Anton Haendchen, Peter Palm, all Catholics coming from Mosel region. At the end of the 19th century, the Itajai Valley received a great number of German immigrants and, although this city has never been a destination place of German immigration in Santa Catarina, it received many imigrants, over a period related to begin of German immigration, from 1850 to the early period of first World War.
Steamer Max, ship of the Company Carl Hoepcke,which made the navigation route Florianópolis-
A brief description of the city, by Marcos Konder, in Itajai Yearbook of 1949.
THE URBAN AREA
The urban area was also not very extensive. To the side of Brusque, it finished in the “rua dos Atiradores” (Street of Shooters Club), which held the oldest and most preferred entertainment from that time. To the side of the “Fazenda”, (Farm in english, it is an area of the city situated next to the stream Schneider, whose road ran towards the “cabeçudas” beach) it'd have one hand to the “Curtume Schneider” (Tannery Schneider, one of the oldest industries in the city) and the Santa Beatriz Hospital and on the other side of the hill of Fazenda, where the eldest brother of Lauro Müller, Colonel Luiz Eugenio Muller, a farm and lived heroically resisted the "intermittent" and where there was the further manufacture of high fermentation beer Otto Hosang, brother of my classmate at the College of Blumenau. The side of the River Bar is ran-
The people there had already been accustomed to the phenomenon, building houses on stilts with access stairs, seeming a village inhabitants of a lacustrine area. There lay the old Domingos Braga, father of current Bragas and Braguinhas, master boats, the Lusitanian nationality, and Antonio da Silva Lisboa, well known as a master conductor "Furious," in which he played with much enthusiasm, your requinta. Where Silva Street found the ex-
Crossing the small bridge, it came to a slope of loose sand that would have to Largo Gonzaga. In the lowland also lived a Portuguese maritime, named Nicolau or Nicholas Marquez Diniz da Baixada. He was a curious old with a beard the louse passes and told stories and marine episodes, and treated everyone with affability. Largo Gonzaga were up side of grass or sedge bed of loose sand to the Bar River ravines This walk I did for a time, twice a day, morning and evening, when I started running a factory of small wooden planks to cigar boxes, the same place where today is the Paper Mill.
HOTELS & LODGES
But Who walked these streets and roads in the summer was to feel the lack of other needs: ice. Yes, there was no ice in Itajai and refrigerators or had not yet been invented or had not arrived for our lands. All hotels and large people sent in their homes to build cellars to cool your drinks a little, otherwise, there was no other remedy to absorb what purgative, a bottle of ball or a bottle of beer brand yarn. So it was entitled to high fermentation beer that is manufactured in Itajai, two breweries, the Fernando Treder and Otto Hosang, already cited. To take them had to resort to the hotels, which had a buffet and an anteroom at the entrance to the friends of Gambrinus, take your drink and play a pitcher. At Rua Lauro Muller, the building of the current Hotel Itajaí, Brazil worked Hotel, owned by Mr. Alexius Reiser, later father of Mr. Bruno Malburg, successor firm Nicolau Malburg Junior. Mrs. Reiser was the midwife of the ladies of the best society.
In Hercílio Luz Street, left side of who ascends to it stood the buildings currently owned by Julio Willerding, Hotel Scheeffer, father of Mr. Erico Scheeffer. There was staying officialdom and were celebrated the feasts of the land. The third hotel was the Hotel Called “Commércio”, housed in the former Rua do Comércio, today Felipe Schmidt street, where is the current “Grande Hotel”. Was a guest of the poorest people, a kind of “Hotel Garcia” of the time. He was owner of this hotel Mr. Gabriel Heil, a German very well liked, father of our Ricardo Heil.
For personal Luiz Alves and their carts were still in Hercílio Luz Street, opposite the current Hotel Garcia, the board of the couple Tadeu, father of Tadeus (family descendents).
LEISURE AND ENTERTAINMENT
Dances for entertainment and only the annual feast of the shooters, because the "Guarany" was still more carnivalesque than social club. Shooters not reigned in some label or ceremonial. There was shooting and ball game (bowling) for men and other games for ladies. When a lady won a prize, Gabriel shouted Heil: living our lady of our partner! Shooters were enthusiasts of Mr. Heil, dealer Peter Bauer, established in the present corner of Mr. Santangelo with a hardware store, where there was everything for prices well salted, and the master Müller -
For dating, gaming gifts in family homes, who had marriageable daughters, or side doors of the church; or gargle the windows, which was not always allowed or processions that far if accompanied his girlfriend, dressed in virgin, or auctions, each looking dude beat the competitor in the auction bid for preferred that looked good far away. "I give so much more to offer Dona Miloca ..."
Feeling and living all this in a city with no light, no cafes, no entertainment, no nothing, we wanted to exclaim as Carlos Drummond de Andrade, describing in futuristic verses, a village thus: but that stupid life, Oh my God!
Itajaí in the present days
Itajaí is today an important port city on the north coast of the Santa Catarina state, located at the mouth of the Itajai-
The climate in Itajaí is humid in winter and dry in the summer. It has the annual average temperature around 20 degrees, with highs that can reach close to 40 degrees and minimum up to 4 degrees (Celsius).
The city currently has about 198,000 inhabitants and presents a sound economy and a pattern of relatively high quality of life. Its location determines the development of the fishing, port and industrial activity, boosting the services sector. The Port of Itajaí is responsible for most exports from southern Brazil and is second in the national ranking of container handling, behind only the Port of Santos. It is considered a national reference in infrastructure aimed at installing companies. Reference center in the shipping industry, the city has already won the coming of exporting companies in the area of automobile assembly and also clothing industry.
Itajaí has a pier for passenger ship that serves as the fulcrum on the coast of Santa Catarina, endowed with proper and exclusive infrastructure for receiving large vessel, focused on leisure cruises.