Schneider - Müller Family Genealogy - Bücherhaus

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Industrial Pioneering: The Tannery Schneider

Tannery Schneider in Itajaí.

    The Tannery Schneider (Curtume Schneider) was one of the first major companies in Itajaí. It was located next to the creek in the “Saco da Fazenda” (Bag Farm in english, a district of city), just over the bridge from the road that followed the beach called Cabeçudas. The tannery has its origins in the initiative of two brothers of German origin, coming from Saxony, who emigrated to Santa Catarina and settled in this town. Oswaldo (Ernst Oswald) and Ernesto (Ernst Julius Schneider) were sons of Carl Friedrich Wilhelm Schneider and Christina Johanna Friese. They were born in, 1861 and 1863 respectively, in the small town of Frauenstein. They lost their parents at a young age and raised by relatives. Once they become teenagers, they found that the land that was owned by their parents, most no longer belonged to them but to other people. They worked as leather tanners in early adulthood, the tanneries of the neighboring towns, so they can get their own support.

    Oswald emigrated to Brazil in 1883, leaving Germany through Hamburg and arriving here at the port of Sao Francisco do Sul Intended for the colony Sao Bento do Sul, and even, he received grant for this purpose. But he settling in Itajai, motivated to know, soon after his arrival, that colony had many tanneries. He found in the city of Itajai, the ideal conditions to carry out their activity, tanner, and initially worked alone. Later, he wrote a letter to his brother to follow the same path. Thus, three years later, the same port and interestingly, by the same ship Valparaiso, emigrated Ernst Julius.

    The Schneider brothers in 1887, they began indeed to the activities of the tannery, now in the form of a company. Initially all the work was done by hand, requiring skill and creativity, which they acquired previously. The leather was treated chemically in wooden barrels, and lingered for four to six months to get ready. The cowhide was taken one “cow leather” and “ox hide”, was made soles for shoes. The after tanned cowhide on top was crafted rustic wood planks and with the aid of machetes. Finally, after drying, the dye was applied. They continued working together until the year 1891. This year, Oswald married in Brusque with Barbara Korb, born and resident in that colony, daughter of one of the pioneers immigrant of the place, Jacob Korb. That same year, he went with his wife to Porto Belo, where he established residence in the place called Perequê. There, Oswald had a small mill near his property, where it processed the peel of cupiúva, used as dye for leather and leather prepared in the same way that the premises of the tannery in Itajai.

    The leather tanned in Porto Belo was sent by boat to Itajai, through their own boats, with which they themselves did this transport of leather between the two locations. Along the river banks in Saco da Fazenda, at the premises of the tannery, there was a small harbor for small boats, with walkway access and props made of wood. From there, the leather was taken and embedded in German sailboats docked in the city. However, most of the production was shipped on ships on their way to the Rio de Janeiro and mostly for the Saints. The main products were initially manufactured in tanning the leather for shoe soles and leather treated blunt, products highly appreciated by shoe manufacturers in the center of the country.

The first name of the company, in 1894, was called “Curtume Ernesto Schneider & Co.”, a company established by form of society between the brothers. Later, at the same year, Oswald died tragically, drowned during a storm, when he across the river great Perequê. From there, all activity was centered in Itajaí. The following year, Ernesto married with Antoinette Müller, daughter of builder Wilhelm Müller.

The business continued progression in the following years and in 1907, Ernesto traveled to Germany, taking his wife and their son, Ernesto Junior. The objectives of this trip were the import of equipment for the tannery and the registration of the child in a trade school. At return, Ernesto was unable to continue the trip to Brazil, due to the requirement of the German military arms. It was with gold coins that adorned a belt from his wife, who managed the immigration agents in Hamburg and thus they boarded ship at ship “Ruggia” bound to Brazil. This was the last time Ernesto traveled to their country of origin.With the advent of the First World War, were gradually decreasing the exports of leather to Germany. Restrictions by England in relation to trade with Germany meant that the company was related to a blacklist of the British government, where were the names of all traders and companies in Brazil that kept business with the Germans. By 1917, all sales of tannery were directed to the Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo markets.

Ernst Julius Schneider

    In the immediate period after the conflict, Ernesto Junior was responsible for the introduction of machines to replace the craft work done at the tannery. Soon after, he headed to Sao Paulo and there was initially dedicated to achievements new customers for the company. He also opened a resale of imported products, including, machinery for leather processing, situated in the district Santa Efighenia, in that city. He signed a contract with the State of São Paulo, shoe aimed at the state penitentiary units. In 1923, opened in society, the affiliate “Ernesto Schneider & Company”, dedicated to trade leather changing the location of the Company for Florencio de Abreu Street.In this period, the tannery began manufacturing belts for engines, initially to replace those damaged in their own machines imported. The transmission belts for machines made by the tannery had great prestige in the industry of Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, having great demand. Even today, this type of material is used as the external jacket belts.

    Along with Samuel Heusi, and the sugar mill belonging to Adelaide Konder family, Ernesto Schneider was one of the first members of the Business Association of Itajaí, whose foundation happened in 1929. Ernesto died in 1935 and from this time his son Maximilian Fritz Schneider took the direction of the tannery. Fritz Schneider was a member of the Supervisory Board of the Bank of Industry and Commerce of Santa Catarina (INCO), and he was also founding member of the Rotary Club of Itajaí.When the company turned 50, all children of Ernesto and Antoinette were directly involved in the production and trade of leather goods in the state of São Paulo, and, with the exception of Fritz Maximiliano, which remained residing in Itajai. In the early '60s, Fritz Maximiliano ended the activities of the tannery. He teamed up with entrepreneurs in the business of fishing and used the old premises of the farm for that purpose. The new venture did not work and after his death occurred in São Paulo in 1965, his widow, Mrs. Colita Schneider, sold the existing properties in the city, thus ending a history of over 60 years this company.

    With the demolition of the building of the tannery and the former home of Ernest Schneider, for the construction of the headquarters of the Athletic Association of the Bank of Brazil (A.A.B.B.), it disappeared completely, the last evidence of the tannery activity. Only the names of the road to Cabeçudas beach as "Alameda Ernesto Schneider" and a near street as "Rua Fritz Schneider", (Street named in 1968, during the tenure of Mayor Carlos Seara de Paula) are the only remembrance that keeps, to the memory of the Schneider family in Itajai.

Translated text, extracted in part, from original article: Müller, Carlos Henrique. Pioneirismo industrial, o Curtume Schneider, in Anuário de Itajaí 2012, FGML.

Ernst Julius Schneider and Antoinette Müller

Antoinette and Ernst Schneider

They had the following children, all born in Itajaí:

1- Guilherme Ernesto (Wilhelm Ernst). Willy Schneider was born on March 01, 1896. He was a writer and evangelist, author of several books and was among the many German descendants pursued by nationalist campaign of the President of Brazil, Getulio Vargas, during the Second World War. He was held as a political prisoner, considered subversive in Colony Santana, Estreito, in Florianópoli. He lived for some time in Hamburg, Germany, after the war period, around 1955-1960. Single, He died in Barra Velha, Santa Catarina, in 1966;

2 - Ernesto Junior (Friedrich Ernst)
was born March 31, 1897. He studied in Germany between 1907 and 1911. Earlier this year his return, he was part of the football players in Itajaí at Itajaí Football Club. After the first war went to Sao Paulo to act as representative of the Tannery Schneider in that city. Already in 1921, was importing machinery for working leather in São Paulo, with offices located in the Barrio Santa Ephigênia in São Paulo. From 1922 to 1929 he was the owner of the factory of slippers, leather and accessories "Ernesto Schneider and co." In São Paulo. Have resided in Rio de Janeiro in 1939 as part of the Merchant Wholesalers of that state union. He was a member of the Company "The Shoe Market Ltda.", Which was manufactured in Meier neighborhood in the city of Rio de Janeiro. Ernesto son married twice, the first with Ligia with two children, ERLO and Erly Schneider. Remarried Nila Monteiro, and they had a daughter, Ernita. He died in Rio de Janeiro, on April 15, 1963.

3 -
Hilda was born on August 03, 1898. Hilda also dedicated to leather and footwear trade, and lived in São Paulo. Traveled to Germany in adulthood. She died unmarried and she had no children..

4 -
Carlos (Carl Friedrich) was born on 11 dejaneiro 1900. He owned a tannery in Mogi Mirim, São Paulo State, and manufactured industrial belts "Company Carlos Schneider" He married em1946 with Elisa Cäcilie Klotz. The couple had no children. He died in 1961 in São Paulo.

5 -
Antonieta (Antoinette Louise Marie) was born on December 21, 1901. Antoinette was married to Professor Psychologist Amandus Henry Quast of Siloe Schoen, son of Carl and Bertha Quast, born in Hamburg, Germany, in 1883. After some years they divorced. Later Sh eeresided in Jardim Paulista, São Paulo. Antoinette was owner of leather trade companies. She died in 1971 and had no children.

6 -
Fritz Maximiliano (Fritz Max) was born on May 09, 1905. He married Escolástica Toledo (Dona Codinha) in 1934. He was the owner of the Tannery Schneider after his father's death. He was part of the Statutory Audit of the "Banco da Indústria e Comércio de Santa Catarina" (Bank INCO), and member of the Rotary Club. In the late 1950s and early 1960s, ending the tannery activities, and using the old equipment, associated with other entrepreneurs in the city of Penha, exploitation and fish refrigeration. They had no children and Fritz died in Sao Paulo in 1965. Later his widow sold the property in Itajaí.

7- Gerda
was born on September 22, 1909. He married Agenor Lopes de Oliveira, born June 5, 1896, in Rio de Janeiro, the son of Benjamin Lopes de Oliveira and Juliette Augusta Xavier de Brito. The wedding was held on March 16 de1930, the Lutheran Church of Itajaí. Agenor de Oliveira was a doctor of the Ministry of Education and Health, Director of the "ilha das Flores" Prison Hospital in Rio de Janeiro, and Official Reserve, the Brazilian Army, also writer, journalist and historian. He wrote among other books, "Toponymy Carioca". Dr. Agenor de Oliveira Lopes died in Rio de Janeiro on 1956. Gerda died on 1998 in Rio de Janeiro. The couple had two children: Aristoteles and Arilda.

Gerda Schneider wedding, 1930, Itajaí.

Ernst Oswald Schneider and Barbara Korb*

They had the following children, all born in Porto Belo:

1 - Henrique (Heinrich) was born in November 23, 1891. He died in unkonw date, single.
2 - Julio Ernesto (julius Ernst) was born in July 08, 1893.  
He died in Itajai, at seven years of age.
3- Anna (Anna Barbara) was born  in January 17, 1895.
She married Hugo Göpfert and were resident in Germany. They had the following children:

3.1 -
Roland Göpfert, was born June 24, 1917, in Burkersdorf, Sachsen.He was a tailor, and fought in World War II. He was in Brazil in 1949, living here for a few years. He returned to Germany and lived in Münich, Bayern, Germany.

32. - Barbara Göpfert was born in unknow date.

Roland Göpfert, 1949.

*Barbara Korb died in Porto Belo at March 7, 1903.

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